Posts

nestle

Nestlé Adds Sugar To Infant Milk Sold In Poorer Nations, According To New Report

A new report has found that Nestlé, the largest consumer goods company in the world, adds sugar and honey to infant milk and cereal products that are sold in poorer nations. This directly contradicts international guidelines that are implemented to prevent childhood obesity and chronic diseases, according to The Guardian

The report itself came from Public Eye, a Swiss investigative organization. The organization sent samples of Nestlé’s baby-food products sold in Asia, Latin America, and Africa to a Belgian laboratory for testing. 

After testing the products and examining the packaging, the report revealed the presence of sugar in the form of sucrose, or honey in samples of Nido, one of Nestlé’s milk formula brands intended for infants aged one and up. They also found it in Cerelac, a cereal that is aimed for kids aged six months and two years. 

In the main European markets for Nestlé, there are no added sugars in formulas for young children. Some cereals that are advertised for older toddlers have added sugar, but none in any product targeted at babies between six-months-old to a year. 

Embed from Getty Images

“Nestlé must put an end to these dangerous double standards and stop adding sugar in all products for children under three years old, in every part of the world,” said Laurent Gaberell, the agriculture and nutrition expert for Public Eye

Obesity in general is an ongoing and growing problem in lower and middle income countries. According to the World Health Organization, in Africa specifically the number of overweight children under five has increased by nearly 23% since 2000. 

The Guardian reported that worldwide, more than 1 billion people are living with obesity. 

In many countries it can be difficult for consumers to tell whether or not a certain product contains added sugar or how much is present due to how the nutritional information is printed. The labels also often have natural sugars found in milk and fruit under the same heading as any added sugars.

For European regions, the World Health Organization has guidelines that says no added sugars or sweetening agents should be permitted in any food for children under three. 

The UK recommends that children under four should also avoid food with added sugars, because of their risk of gaining weight and developing tooth decay. The US government has guidelines that simply recommend children under two avoid food and drinks with added sugars. 

The Public Eye report was written alongside the International Baby Food Action Network. Public Eye stated that data from Euromonitor International, a market-research company, showed that global retail sales for Cerelac exceeded $1 billion. The highest of those figures came from low and middle income nations; 40% of sales were within just Brazil and India. 

Embed from Getty Images

Dr. Nigel Rollins, a medical officer at the World Health Organization, said this new report shows “a double standard that can’t be justified.”

Researchers found that biscuit-flavored cereals for babies six months and older contained 6 grams of added sugar for every serving sold in Senegal and South Africa. The same exact product sold in Switzerland has no added sugars. 

In India, tests performed on Cerelac products had, on average, more than 2.7 grams of added sugar for every serving. In Brazil, two out of eight products were found to have no added sugar, but the remaining six products had about 4 grams in each serving, according to The Guardian. In Nigeria, one product had up to 6.8 grams.  

Additionally, tests on Nido brand products showed a significant variation in sugar levels, much like with Cerelac. Worldwide retail sales for Nido products have grossed more than $1 billion. 

In the Philippines, no added sugars are in products aimed for toddler consumption, however, in Indonesia, Nido baby-food products all contain around 2 grams of added sugar per 100 gram of product in the form of honey. 

“We believe in the nutritional quality of our products for early childhood and prioritize using high-quality ingredients adapted to the growth and development of children,” a Nestlé spokesperson stated. 

“[Within the] highly regulated category of baby food, Nestlé always complied with local regulations or international standards, including labeling requirements and thresholds on carbohydrate content that encompasses sugars and declared total sugars in its products, including those coming from honey,” The Guardian reported

“Variations in recipes depended on factors including regulation and availability of local ingredients,” the spokesperson said.

barns and noble

Barnes & Noble Workers Organizing Union Drive For The Largest Bookstore Chain In The US 

Workers at Barnes & Noble, the largest bookstore chain in the US, are preparing for a nationwide union drive after six outlet stores voted to organize throughout the past year, according to reports

According to the workers, who are demanding better pay and working conditions, “many more” stores will move to unionize.

Locations that already have unionized have made multiple claims that management has delayed attempting contract negotiations, and James Daunt, the CEO, allegedly went on a months-long campaign to encourage employees not to vote in favor of organizing. 

“He would come in and essentially try to talk us out of unionizing. The big argument against us unionizing was it would make his life harder, which he would repeat several times. It wasn’t very successful,” said Jessica Sepple, a worker at Barnes & Noble’s flagship New York City store in Union Square.

Daunt disputed the claims of negotiating delays, and stated he agreed with the workers on “the fundamentals” of their demands while warning of “potential upsides and downsides to a union.”

Embed from Getty Images

The store voted 76-2 in favor of unionizing last summer. Barnes & Noble has around 600 stores across the US. The business itself has been on a decline in recent years, and Daunt, who became CEO in 2019, has said he’s worked hard to turn around the business. 

Sepple said that their “purpose for unionizing is to get some recognition for the dignity of workers, and having sat at the table and currently in negotiations with Barnes & Noble, it is disappointing that Barnes & Noble has not treated this as if that dignity is deserved.”

Sepple also discussed that workers at the Union Square location have experienced lagging wages, safety concerns with ladders and general book storage, aggressive customers, and being given duties that the job initially did not entail, according to The Guardian

“If you’re good at your job, you’re just going to get more work. It takes a lot of knowledge, research, and a love of reading and books to make it happen, and oftentimes I’ve found the company tends to coast on that.”

In Brooklyn’s Park Slope, workers won a union election in July 2023. Sydul Akhanji, a worker at the store for two years, said he wants to work for the bookstore chain for a long time, but the low pay has been a major downside. He stated “if the company wants to build itself around knowledgeable booksellers, its workers need to be able to afford rent and food.”

Akhanji also alleged that Daunt attempted to deter the workers at Park Slope from unionizing. He claimed that the CEO “just went on and on about how it’d be hard and make all his plans complicated, if we unionized, and how he has a vision for us, so please, just don’t unionize right now.”

Embed from Getty Images

Workers have also claimed that all contract negotiations are slowed down because executives are sending them to their company lawyers, who are typically not present during the discussions and negotiations. In some of the New York stores, management has been negotiating separately from the workers as well. 

“We live in the most expensive city in the country, and our starting wage until very recently was minimum wage, and it’s just not sustainable,” Esther Rosenfield, a barista at the Barnes & Noble in Manhattan, said.

Barnes & Noble workers in Bloomington, Illinois heard about the union voting in New York and decided to hold their own. In November, they unanimously voted to unionize. 

“James Daunt did a conference call to the store himself saying a vote for the union is a vote against him. The issues we’re facing are companywide. We’re all facing the same issues. If one small store in the midwest can unionize, then anyone can,” said senior bookseller, Zane Crockett.

Daunt stated: 

“My argument to the booksellers has been very simple: we have no disagreement with the fundamentals of what is being asked for, and indeed have pivoted the company precisely to achieve them. Only a successful business, after all, can deliver the investments necessary to improve pay and the physical condition of our stores.”

“In this endeavor, I see both potential upsides and downsides to the addition of a union. The most obvious potential upside is to have a clearer articulation of bookseller aspirations. Equally, there are potential downsides, notably if it causes unnecessary confrontation between ‘management’ and ‘workers’ and the fact that low-paid booksellers will have to pay significant dues to the union, all other things being equal reducing their pay.”

wendys

Wendy’s Says It Won’t Use Surge Pricing After Internet Backlash

The fast food chain Wendy’s clarified that it has no plans to use “surge pricing” during its busiest hours. The announcement, made on Tuesday, followed reports in multiple media outlets suggesting the business is considering experimenting with dynamic pricing that changes throughout the day in response to customer demand.

In a statement, the company asserted that the dynamic pricing model was being misinterpreted. The chain says it intends to reduce prices during slower periods rather than increasing them during busy ones.

“We said these menu boards would give us more flexibility to change the display of featured items. This was misconstrued in some media reports as an intent to raise prices when demand is highest at our restaurants. We have no plans to do that and would not raise prices when our customers are visiting us most. Any features we may test in the future would be designed to benefit our customers and restaurant crew members. Digital menu boards could allow us to change the menu offerings at different times of day and offer discounts and value offers to our customers more easily, particularly in the slower times of day.”

Senator Elizabeth Warren weighed in on the issue on her X account, suggesting the new strategy is exploitative.

“Wendy’s is planning to try out ‘surge pricing’— that means you could pay more for your lunch, even if the cost to Wendy’s stays exactly the same. It’s price gouging, plain and simple, and American families have had enough.

Embed from Getty Images

The company is already the most expensive fast-food restaurant among competitors like McDonald’s, Taco Bell, Burger King, and Chick-fil-A.

In an earnings call earlier this month, Wendy’s CEO Kirk Tanner highlighted that upselling and dynamic pricing were key strategies for driving sales growth. “We will begin testing more enhanced features like dynamic pricing and day-part offerings along with AI-enabled menu changes and suggestive selling,” he said.

“As we continue to show the benefit of this technology in our company-operated restaurants, franchisee interest in digital menu boards should increase further supporting sales and profit growth across the system.”

Many businesses, including rideshares like Uber and Lyft and ticket distributors like Ticketmaster, employ dynamic pricing models to charge higher rates in response to user demand.

In an email to CNN, the company reiterated that it will not employ a similar system.

“Wendy’s will not implement surge pricing, which is the practice of raising prices when demand is highest. This was not a change in plans. It was never our plan to raise prices when customers are visiting us the most.”

Embed from Getty Images

Juan Castillo, assistant professor of economics at the University of Pennsylvania, told CNN that “surge pricing” was a poor choice of words to describe the pricing strategy.

“Whoever called it surge pricing made the worst marketing mistake you can think of. Surge pricing sent the message to everybody that this is mostly about increasing prices. That created a very negative reaction from the public.”

According to Jonathan Maze, editor-in-chief of the trade publication Restaurant Business, the introduction of dynamic pricing to Wendy’s may lead to other fast food restaurants adopting the technology.

“If Wendy’s idea works, it could get others to do something similar, and I wouldn’t be surprised to see another chain or two test the idea themselves, given what Wendy’s is doing.”

In response to Wendy’s announcement, Burger King is giving out free burgers from Feb. 28 to March 1 on purchases of $3 or more.

“We don’t believe in charging guests more when they’re hungry,” Burger King wrote in a press release announcing the limited-time deal. “Surge pricing? Well, that’s new,” the company added. “Good thing the only thing surging at BK is our flame!”

In order to implement digital menu boards at all of its restaurants in the United States by the end of 2025, Wendy’s intends to spend approximately $20 million. Over the next two years, another $10 million will be set aside to bolster digital menu upgrades internationally.

macys

Macy’s To Downsize And Close 150 Stores 

Macy’s is making some major changes to keep their 150+ year brand relevant and alive during a time where retail shopping is constantly changing. For starters, the company will be downsizing and getting a new, smaller, more luxurious look, according to reports

Macy’s will be closing 150 underperforming stores. They’re planning on closing 50 by the end of 2024, and the remaining 100 over the course of the next few years. The ultimate goal is to have just 350 Macy’s stores by 2026. 

Embed from Getty Images

The company will also be focusing more on its brands Bloomingdale’s and Bluemercury, as both have remained successful and have outperformed the Macy’s brands. They’re planning on opening more, smaller versions of those stores within the next several years. 

The general plan shows that Macy’s is accommodating wealthier shoppers through their more luxurious brands. Consumer trends show that shoppers are choosing smaller stores outside of shopping malls, so Macy’s will also be building 30 smaller stores within the next two years that won’t be inside of malls. 

Macy’s stock price has dropped 75% since its peak of $73 a share back in 2015. Since that point they’ve closed around 300 stores, which is almost a third of its locations. They still operate around 700 stores across all of their brands. 

With the downsizing, Macy’s also announced that it was laying off around 2,350 employees; about 3.5% of its total workforce.  

“We believe paring down the Macy’s store base to a more manageable (and profitable) size is prudent given the general structural shift towards online spending” and the shift away from department stores,” Dana Telsey, a retail analyst, said. 

Embed from Getty Images

New Macy’s CEO Tony Spring, who was previously the CEO of Bloomingdale’s, said in a statement that this will be a “bold new chapter” for the brand, and was developed through extensive market research to “reinvigorate” the Macy’s brand.  

“We are making the necessary moves to reinvigorate relationships with our customers through improved shopping experiences, relevant assortments and compelling value,” Spring said in a statement, explaining that Macy’s will also be improving their digital marketplace.

They’ll also be downsizing the products sold in store as a means of focusing on brands and items that customers actually want. 

“That should lead to sustained profit growth over time,” Spring stated.

Over the next three years, Macy’s said it will open 15 new Bloomingdale’s stores and 30 new Bluemercury stores, with other plans to remodel 30 existing Bluemercury stores. 

“The Bloomingdale’s expansion can work as there are several strong luxury markets where the chain is not represented,” Neil Saunders, an analyst at GlobalData Retail, said.

ai

40% Of Jobs Worldwide Could Be Affected By Artificial Intelligence, IMF Says 

According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), around 40% of jobs globally could be affected by the rise in the use of artificial intelligence (AI). The IMF warned that these recent trends in AI could deepen the inequality that’s already present in the tech industry, and other industries where AI is being used. 

IMF chief Kristalina Georgieva published an official blog post on Sunday in which she called on government powers to establish effective “social safety nets and offer retraining programs” to counter the negative impacts of AI, according to CNN.

Embed from Getty Images

“In most scenarios, AI will likely worsen overall inequality, a troubling trend that policymakers must proactively address to prevent the technology from further stoking social tensions,” she wrote.

Georgieva published the post ahead of the annual World Economic Forum meeting in Switzerland, where the topic of AI is set to be a big topic of conversation. 

Sam Altman, the chief executive of ChatGPT-maker OpenAI, and Satya Nadella, the CEO of Microsoft, will also speak at the Forum later this week and be involved in a debate being called “Generative AI: Steam engine of the Fourth Industrial Revolution?”

“As AI continues to be adapted by more workers and businesses, it’s expected to both help and hurt the human workforce,” Georgieva said in her blog, according to CNN.

Embed from Getty Images

Georgieva also stated that the negative impacts of AI are expected to hit nations with advanced economies. 

She explained that in more developed economies, up to 60% of jobs could potentially be impacted by AI, but half of those jobs could benefit from the productivity benefits of AI. 

“For the other half, AI applications may execute key tasks currently performed by humans, which could lower labor demand, leading to lower wages and reduced hiring. In the most extreme cases, some of these jobs may disappear,” wrote Georgieva.

CNN reported that within emerging markets, places with sustained economic growth, 40% of jobs are expected to be impacted by AI. In lower income nations, places with developing economies, 26% of jobs are expected to be impacted by AI. 

“Many of these countries don’t have the infrastructure or skilled workforces to harness the benefits of AI, raising the risk that over time the technology could worsen inequality,” stated Georgieva.

credit card

Only Half Of US Credit Card Customers Believe They Can Pay Off Their Holiday Bills

According to the LendingTree Credit Card Confidence Index, a monthly survey published since 2018, only half of America’s credit card customers believe they’ll be able to pay off their December balance in full as we come out of the holiday season. 

The nationally representative survey received data from 1,514 cardholders, with only 51% stating they could pay off their December card balance this month; a 7% drop from the previous month. 

The current national credit card balance stands at $1.08 trillion which is a record high, and the average interest rate has reached 21%. This is the highest point recorded by the Federal Reserve in about 30 years of tracking, according to reports from USA Today

Embed from Getty Images

“It was hard to imagine that growing debt, rising inflation and sky-high interest rates weren’t eventually going to take a toll,” said Matt Schulz, LendingTree’s chief credit analyst. 

In another periodic survey by Bankrate, it was shown that 47% of cardholders carried debt from month-to-month in mid-2023, which is up from 39% at the end of 2021. According to a TransUnion report for the third quarter of 2023, the average credit card holder has about $6,088 in debt. 

USA Today also reported that Wells Fargo Economics found that credit card debt is rising faster than any other household debt. 

“I think all this adds up to more people carrying more debt for longer periods of time, and unfortunately, I don’t see any of that reversing any time soon,” said Ted Rossman, a senior industry analyst at Bankrate.

The LendingTree index also showed that only 40% of women expressed confidence in their ability to pay off their card balance, compared to 64% of men. Across the five years of this specific survey, women have always voiced less confidence. 

Schulz theorized that “women may take a little bit more conservative approach to their finances. Men may be a little more confident than they should be, while women may be a little bit less confident than they could be.”

Embed from Getty Images

Catherine Valega is a certified financial planner located in Boston who specializes in the finances of women. She offered the opinion to USA Today that female consumers may feel extra stretched out financially during the holidays due to the traditional roles that women filled in the household throughout history. That pressure is still very much present today, and has been passed down from generation to generation. 

“Women tend to want to give gifts, and they also tend to manage the stuff in their households. Who doesn’t spend more at year end,” Valega stated

Bankrate’s Rossman suggested that individuals with debt on a high-interest card should consider transferring some or all of their balance to a zero-APR card. Those cards typically give holders 15 months or longer of zero interest rates on their payments.

“If you use one of these properly, you can save a ton of money on interest,” Rossman said.

Valega stated: “Cardholders can also benefit from a few simple rules in using their cards. One is to charge only as much as you can afford to repay that month. Another is to set up automatic payments on the card. Better still if you can select the option to auto-pay the entire balance at month’s end.”

housing

Poverty Rates In The UK Have Been So Bad, They Soon May Reach Victorian Era Levels 

According to a new report from the Center for Social Justice, the most disadvantaged and impoverished people in the United Kingdom are no better off than they were 15 years ago. The report found a “yawning gap between those who can get by and those stuck at the bottom.”

The Center for Social Justice is an independent think tank whose earliest work has led to a reformation of Britain’s welfare system and the introduction of Universal Credit; a monthly government payment for individuals earning low incomes, according to CNN.

Embed from Getty Images

The Center published the 300-page report as the latest evidence of how the UK’s economies lack of movement has made it nearly impossible to work through their poverty problem. The cost-of-living crisis in the UK in general has only made the impoverished population suffer more. 

“We have uncovered a nation of two halves. The general public for the most part can get by, and then there is this cohort of people whose lives are marked by family breakdown, physical and mental ill-health; who live in crime-ridden communities and experience multiple barriers to work,” said Sophia Worringer, deputy policy director at the Center for Social Justice, said Monday. 

The Center for Social Justice also warns that the UK is currently risking “sliding back into the two nations of the Victorian era, marked by a widening gulf between mainstream society and a poverty stricken underclass.”

During the Victorian age, the social divide in the UK was so severe that the working class was facing brutal living conditions, with little to no access to clean water, food, and sanitation, and they had no feasible ways of improving their lives and economic situations. 

Unfortunately, the report went on to state that the current poverty situation in the UK is reaching closer levels to the Victorian era due to addiction, joblessness, personal debts, and educational failures. 

Embed from Getty Images

According to CNN, the study itself surveyed 6,000 people with more than half being from the UK’s poorest communities. The survey also used data from more than 350 small charities and experts across over 20 towns and cities in the UK. 

“For too many, Britain is broken and the gap between the haves and have-nots is in danger of becoming a chasm,” says the foreword to the report, signed by Mervyn King, a former Bank of England governor.

The report also discussed how the pandemic and the lockdown only made things worse, and had a “catastrophic effect on the nation’s social fabric.”

CNN said that “during lockdowns, calls to domestic abuse helplines surged 700%; mental health problems in young people spread from one in nine to one in six; severe school absence jumped 134%; and 1.2 million more people received welfare payments. Deaths from alcohol poisoning, which had been dropping before the pandemic, have also risen since the mass outbreak of Covid-19.”

“Those who are left behind are still reeling from the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. Life for them never returned to normal and the scars of that time are still very deeply felt,” said Worringer.

Mevlude Markasjh Markashi Home Health Consulting LLC

Embracing Technology and Transforming Homecare | Mevlude Markashi

The healthcare landscape is evolving rapidly, catalyzed by unprecedented challenges and opportunities. The COVID-19 pandemic not only shook the foundations of healthcare delivery but also accelerated the shift towards technological integration—highlighting the critical need for agility and resilience in the face of crisis. Mevlude “Mev” Markashi RN, CHFP, CSBI, whose career path exemplifies the essence of flexibility and foresight in healthcare, is at the vanguard of this transformation.

work

The Incentives Employees Are Looking For To Return To The Office 

“Once workers discovered that remote work could be less expensive and… make their life a little easier, they just wanted to keep doing it, even once the pandemic began fading away.”

Emirates

Emirates Places $52 Billion Order For 95 Boeing Aircraft Jets

Emirates Airline announced on Monday that it placed an order for 95 Boeing aircraft jets valued at $52 billion. This marks the first major deal of the 2023 Dubai Airshow.

According to reporting from CNBC, “the state-owned flagship Dubai carrier, a subsidiary of Emirates Group, is ordering 55 additional Boeing 777-9s and 35 of its 777-8s, bringing the airline’s total orders for the 777X wide-body jets to 205 units. 

It is also updating its order of Boeing 787 Dreamliners from 30 to 35, comprised of 15 787-10s and 20 787-8s.”

Embed from Getty Images

Emirates also ordered 202 General Electric engines that will power the new 777X aircraft, which can fly up to 18 hours. 

The airline already operates the largest number of Boeing 777 aircraft out of any other airline in the world. The increase in demand for wide-body jets emphasizes the importance of the market in the Middle East and its supplies for the aircraft models. 

According to analysis from AllianceBernstein, a wealth management firm, “Middle East customers now account “for the largest portion of combined Airbus and Boeing wide-body passenger backlog at 30% of the global total.”

Embed from Getty Images

The Middle East also has the major role of being a connection hub for long haul journeys. Boeing and Airbus are two companies that have been the biggest source of demand for wide-body jets “with buoyant long-term growth outlooks and healthy recovery in air travel demand since the Covid-19 pandemic fueling airlines’ optimism and orders,” according to CNBC

“Emirates is the biggest operator of Boeing 777 aircraft, and today’s order cements that position. We’ve been closely involved in the 777 program since its start up until this latest generation of 777X aircraft,” Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, chairman and chief executive of Emirates Airline and Group, said during a news conference.

“The 777 has been central to Emirates’ fleet and network strategy of connecting cities on all continents non-stop to Dubai. We are pleased to extend our relationship with Boeing and look forward to the first 777-9 joining our fleet in 2025,” he said.