Jeep Wrangler

Jeep Introduces a Wrangler that Runs on Diesel

For many years, Jeep has searched for a diesel engine suitable to power its legendary Wrangler, with no success. However, the recent announcement of the Wrangler EcoDiesel shows that the auto manufacturer has finally realized its longtime goal of producing a diesel-powered Wrangler, though critics are complaining that diesel engines produce too many harmful emissions, particularly at a time when the world needs to drastically cut back on carbon emissions to curb the effects of climate change. Nevertheless, Jeep is intent on producing a vehicle that meets its customers’ requests for a Wrangler with the power and torque that a diesel engine affords, and the company’s branding, as well as advances in emissions-reduction technology, suggest that Jeep wants to position the Wrangler EcoDiesel as an environmentally-friendly solution.

Customers have long yearned for Jeep to produce a Wrangler capable of performing difficult tasks requiring a lot of power, such as pulling stumps and climbing steep and uneven terrain. Thanks to several years of work performed by engineers employed at the company, Jeep is confident that they can produce a vehicle which both offers the power of a diesel engine and meets increasingly-stringent environmental standards. Fiat Chrysler of America, the company that owns Jeep, has already passed the required certification to begin selling the vehicle in America, which they hope to do before Christmas. That being said, Fiat Chrysler has a history of illegally subverting emissions tests with fraudulent software, resulting in executives from the company facing fraud charges.

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While diesel engines burn fuel more efficiently and produce less carbon dioxide than gas-powered engines, they also emit more nitrogen oxides, which pose a threat to human health as they can cause asthma and other lung issues. However, diesel engines remain the clear choice when substantial power is needed, though electric motors can also prove to be quite powerful. According to engineers from Fiat Chrysler, the EcoDiesel is roughly 30 percent more fuel efficient than the standard Wrangler, which means an enhanced efficiency of an additional seven or eight miles per gallon.

This is not the first time Fiat Chrysler has included an EcoDiesel engine in one of its vehicles. The company included such an engine in Ram pickup trucks and Jeep Grand Cherokees as early as 2014, but these vehicles were pulled from the market after they were found to violate emissions standards. To make matters worse, these early implementations of the EcoDiesel engine were prone to system leaks and cracks, resulting in a forced recall of 108,000 vehicles. As a result of these failures, Fiat Chrysler has fallen behind Ford and General Motors in the diesel truck market, though these competitors have had issues of their own with regards to emissions and reliability.

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The first iteration of the engine to be used in the new Wrangler, the Gen III EcoDiesel, was included in the Ram 1500 pickup released a few months ago. The engine is a turbocharged V6 that displaces 3.0 liters, and includes a five-gallon diesel exhaust fuel canister in order to comply with emissions standards. This canister must be serviced every 10,000 miles, at roughly the same time that an oil change is needed. According to Jeep, the new Wrangler should be able to go over 500 miles on a single tank of fuel, beating the range of the gas-powered Wrangler by 200 miles.

The new Wrangler only comes with an automatic transmission and in the four-door variant, as Jeep concluded there was insufficient demand to sell other vehicle configurations. And the Wrangler EcoDiesel is not cheap, as the most basic version starts at roughly $40,000. But for Jeep fans looking for an efficient, extremely powerful compact SUV, the Wrangler EcoDiesel has the potential to make for a perfect choice. Only time will tell, however, how well this unique new entry to the Jeep family will sell, and whether the innovative EcoDiesel engine can live up to the ambitious promises of the engineers who created it.

Montauk Lighthouse

Newsday Finds Widespread Racial Discrimination Among Long Island Realtors

A major three-year investigation by Newsday has revealed a widespread, systemic practice of racial discrimination against Hispanic, Asian, and Black Long Island homebuyers. Newsday characterized the investigation, which involved 240 hours of secret recordings, 25 trained undercover testers, and tests of 93 real estate agents, as one of the most extensive investigations they’ve ever conducted. According to the report, black buyers face disadvantages roughly half the time they enlist brokers, and other minorities also faced disadvantages but a lower rates. In order to ensure widespread access to the information, Newsday opted to remove their website’s paywall for this article, which the newspaper described as “essential and groundbreaking.”

According to the detailed and lengthy report, “house hunting in one of the nation’s most segregated suburbs poses substantial risks of discrimination.” For this project, the newspaper used a paired-testing approach in which they sent undercover testers with hidden cameras to 93 agents on Long Island to determine whether their experiences differed on the basis of race, with testers of different races claiming similar financial situations and housing requests. On Long Island, which is home to 2.8 million people, divisions exist along lines of race, class, and politics, and Newsday’s investigation highlights how a discriminatory real estate industry perpetuates this separation, disadvantaging people of color.

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The investigation featured tests conducted on all parts of Long Island, in both Nassau and Suffolk Counties, and found that Black homebuyers received different treatment 49% of the time, Hispanic homebuyers 39% of the time, and Asian homebuyers 19% of the time. Additionally, the report claims that real-estate brokerages steered white prospective homebuyers towards majority-white neighborhoods and encouraged minorities to seek housing in neighborhoods with high minority populations. One real estate agent, for instance, told a black customer that Brentwood has “the nicest people,” but the same agent advised a white customer to “do some research on the gang-related events in that area for safety.”

While the results of the investigation are not comprehensive enough to prove legal wrongdoing, they form a body of evidence that provides a general understanding of the extent of racial discrimination in Long Island housing, opening the door to potential future legal action against the offending parties. 

The investigators also found that real estate agents engage in other forms of discrimination. For example, agents commonly refused to provide home tours or house listings to minority testers unless they met financial requirements that weren’t imposed on white testers. Real estate agents had a tendency to choose places like Merrick, which has an 80% white population, for white customers. Additionally, the real estate agents demonstrated a pattern of sharing information about racial, ethnic, or religious demographics of different communities with white customers but not with minority customers. In these cases, the agents in question violated fair housing standards, which prohibit agents from discussing the racial makeup of communities when selling houses if doing so is meant to “steer” prospective homebuyers towards communities with similar racial characteristics. One agent, for instance, warned a white tester about Huntington, saying “You don’t want to go there. It’s a mixed neighborhood.”

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The investigation was comprehensive, covering areas where 83 percent of Long Island’s population live, from poor areas to wealthy ones like the Hamptons. Although real estate agents and brokers are bound by law to follow fair housing practices, many of the individuals who were subjects in the investigation clearly failed to do so in Newsday’s account. The newspaper also sent reporters to classes where fair housing standards were taught to real estate professionals, and described these classes as “shockingly thin in content.” Upon learning about being treated differently on the basis of race, one tester described the news as “pretty outrageous and, of course, offensive.” Overall, the investigation focused on twelve of the most popular real estate brands on the island, and find that only two of the firms showed no evidence of disparity in treatment along racial lines. Before publishing the report, Newsday informed the firms in question that they had been subjects of an investigation and shared their results, offering them a chance to review the evidence, respond, and take appropriate action. While the results of the investigation are not comprehensive enough to prove legal wrongdoing, they form a body of evidence that provides a general understanding of the extent of racial discrimination in Long Island housing, opening the door to potential future legal action against the offending parties.